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2015年5月30日托福考试写作解析

2015年06月04日10:00        手机看新闻

5月30日进行的托福考试有何新题型?各种托福题目难度如何?以下由新东方写作老师,为大家带来口语考试部分的真题回顾与解析。

综合写作讨论一种giant bird 会不会飞。

Sample answer:

The reading and listening discuss about the possible explanations regarding to whether the giant bird can fly. The passage mentions three observations to demonstrate why the giant bird cannot fly. Whereas, the professor totally refutes the three reasons presented in the passage.

Firstly, the professor rebuts the reading’s idea that the giant bird has lifting-off problems, for its wingspan is too large, thus it cannot fly. The professor claims the giant bird takes off by running start, which is indicated by its big feet and bones.

Secondly, the professor contradicts reading’s statement that the giant bird does not possess strong muscle structures to support its continuous fight. The professor mentions that the giant bird can catch a so-called warm current in the air just like eagles do, and it can keep flying without moving its wings.

At last, the passage states that according to Darwin's Theory of Evolution, every species evolves its useful advantages, and the giant bird’s wings are useless in hunting for preys or in avoiding the threats from predators, so it cannot fly. However, the professor explains that wings bring benefits to the giant bird. Because the bird preys on dead animals, so it needs to cover long distance to look for food in large areas.

独立写作:

作文题目:

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

If you and someone have been friends for a long time, you continue your friendship even if she does something you don’t like.

题型类别:同意不同意型

题材类别:利弊类

写作思路:

根据题目我们要讨论的是“在老友做出一些让我们不开心的举措时,我们是否还要继续这段友谊”。

我们在解价值判断类题时可采用的方式是进行利弊分析。

以此题为例,如若大家持有的观点是应该坚持,就要说明坚持友谊的好处是什么(详见范文);

如若选择不应该坚持,就分析不应该坚持的好处。

写作指导:

Agree

友谊的夯实需要理解与被理解,所以当有些令人不愉悦的摩擦出现时,我们应该好好处理,尽量让友谊之花开得更加绚烂。

1.世上没有完美的事物。我们都是独立的个体,我们的成长环境,家庭教育以及性格等的不同,都会让我们与朋友之间有思想上的差异,不同意识形态下一定会有行为上的相异。所以我们需要接受这样一个事实:朋友相处肯定会有磕磕碰碰。朋友也会有自己的喜好,不可能事事都顺着我们;更何况还有一种可能是朋友根本没错,错在我们。我曾经听过这样一个故事:一个人不喜欢吃鸡蛋便把食堂白给的鸡蛋给他的朋友,突然有一天他想吃个鸡蛋便没有给,此时他的朋友就生气了。所以我觉得不要遇事就任性地用绝交这种逃避的方式来处理。

2.理性地待友,对人对己都更好。其实问题出现后我们不应该考虑要不要跟朋友绝交,而是先反省一下自己。例如之前提到的鸡蛋的故事,你会发现有时错在自己。如果真的是朋友的错,那么可以好好谈谈,委婉的指出朋友的问题,并且表达自己的建议,比冷冰冰的绝交更容易让人接受,也能让自己在朋友中更受欢迎。朋友相处,贵在将心比心,坦诚相待。

3.老友犹如冬日里的暖阳,愈久弥珍。

老朋友本身就是巨大的财富,正如题干中所说朋友往往陪伴了我们很久。他们会在我们需要的时候帮助我们,他们比一般人更了解我们,如果因为他们做了一些让我们不开心的事就要绝交,对我们自身来说也是巨大的损失。

范文指导:

One of the most beautiful qualities of true friendship is to understand and to be understood. Thus when exposed to the topic whether we should try to keep the friendship when something unhappy occurs, I strongly contend that we should.

Nothing will be completely perfect in the world. Everyone was born to be a distinctive individual. We have different family education, growing up experiences, as well as characteristics, which gradually result in our possessing different values. Therefore our tastes and behaviors can never be the same. And thus it is quite acceptable that our friends may do something that we do not like, because they are not us. If we are looking for a friend who will never make us annoyed , we are not going to find one in reality. Besides it’s hardly a fair criticism that our friends have errors. We have never been close to perfect and sometimes it might be our faults . Once I read a short story about how to get along well with each other between two friends. And let’s call one girl Ann and the other Lucy. Ann did not like eating eggs while Lucy did. So every-time when Ann got one egg, she would directly give it to Lucy. However, one day when Ann wanted to have a taste of the egg, she just kept the egg without giving it to Lucy, which made Lucy quite angry. From this story, I think all of us need to ponder deeply over a question whether we have taken what our friends do for us for granted.

Besides, a considerate attitude is a must in true friendship. When something unhappy happens, we often tend to blame others. And in most cases, this way will worsen an embarrassing situation. The wise way is to examine ourselves first. Sometimes it is we who need to apologize to our friends. In other cases, if we realize our friends really make mistakes which quite hurt us, it is advisable that we tell them in a harmless way. I believe this is the most desirable method which can deepen our friendship,enable our friends to perfect themselves as well as make us more popular.

Finally, friends are lights in winter: the older the friend, the brighter the light.Ralph Waldo Emerson once said “It is one of the blessings of old friends that you can afford to be stupid with them”. Old friends are our valuable treasures. They are the ones who know our merits and demerits, who encourage us when we get depressed, who pick us up when we fall down, and who will company us when we are alone. If one day, they offend us by doing something we do not like, what we are supposed to do is figuring out what’s wrong with our friendship and doing our best to continue it instead of just blaming our friends or breaking up the friendship.

In a word, friendship will probably never be perfect, but that’s a small price to pay for what it does offer and we need to be responsible for maintaining it no matter what happens.

词汇拓展:

Criticism 批评

Ponder over 深思

Take for granted 认为…理所当然

Considerate 体贴的

Ralph Waldo Emerson 美国作家,“超验主义”代表人物

It is one of the blessings of old friends that you can afford to be stupid with them.老友的好处之一就是你可与之耍疯扮痴。

来源:新东方在线

(责编:王李(实习生)、林露)




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