英語作文常用句型
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英語作文常用句型
一、開頭句型
我們常說,良好的開端等於成功的一半。做事如此,作文也是如此。所以我們頗有必要在作文的開頭花一番心思。
在寫議論文時,你通常以什麼樣的方式開頭呢?最簡單也最常用的可能就是開門見山法。也就是說——直截了當地提出你對這個問題的觀點,點出文章的中心思想。
I....has both advantages and disadvantages.……既有利又有弊。例如:
1.Obviously television has both advantages and disadvantages.
2.Living in a city has both advantages and disadvantages.
3.Compared with cars,bikes have their advantages and disadvantages.
舉一反三:
1.Although computers bring people a lot of convenience,they have many disadvantages.
2....has many advantages.For example,...However,just as every coin has two sides,...has its disadvantages.(本例將利弊分開講,轉折過渡自然。just as every coin has two sides也很值得背誦。)
II....play(s)an important role ?part in...……在……中扮演重要角色?起重要作用。例如:
1.Computers play an important role in science and technology.
2.Computers play a more and more important role in our
life.
Computers play an increasingly important role in our studies.
3.Education plays an important part in developing our mind.
4.Addiction to alcohol and drugs play a role in homelessness.
舉一反三:
1.Advertisement plays an informative role in our daily life.
2.In the past,letters played a decisive role in long-distance communication.But now ,telephone,email,fax have taken their place.
III.With the development of...,隨著……的發展,例如:
1.With the development of our economy,m any Chinese families can afford a car.
2.With the development of our economy and society,pollution is more and more serious.
3.With the rapid development of science and technology,people can get a college degree by taking online-courses at home.
4.With the current social and technological developments,employees with more knowledge and higher academic degrees are needed.
舉一反三:
1.With the rapid increase of China's population,housing problem is becoming more and more serious.
隨著中國人口的急劇增加,住房問題越來越突出。
2.With more and more women entering society,people's attitude towards women is changing.
隨著越來越多的婦女走入社會,人們對婦女的態度也在改變。
3.With the deepening of Chinese reform and opening up,an increasing number of Chinese
families can afford a car.
隨著中國改革開放的深入,越來越多的中國家庭買得起車了。(“越來越多”除了常用的more and more外,還可以用an increasing number of, a growing number of,a significant number of,a great number of等來表達。)
本結構看似固定,實則富於變化,隻要記住with有“隨著”的意思,相信大家可以根據實際的需要造出更多的句子。
我們已經看到,開門見山的開頭使論文直切主題,直白明確地提出了論點。不過在討論某些有爭議性的問題時,就顯得有欠缺,因為我們必須在文章的開頭引出人們對要討論的問題的不同看法,然后再表明自己的觀點。下面就是專門針對爭議性論文的一種句型。
IV.When it comes to...,some people think ?believe that...,others argue ?claim that opposite ?reverse is true.There is probably some truth in both arguments ?statements,but...當說到……,有些人認為……,但另一些人則持相反的觀點……。這兩種觀點可能都有點道理,但……。
本結構先用when it comes to ...引出話題,再用some...others ...這個對立的結構引出了兩種相反的觀點,然后說There is some truth in both...表明嚴謹公正的態度,最后用but...很自然地引出了自己的論點。請看下面這個例子:
TV,a good thing or bad thing
When it comes to TV,some people believe that it is extremely valuable,as it provides relaxation, entertainment and education. Others argue that it is harmful for it begins to control our lives and deprives people of time to do other activities.There is probably some truth in both sides.But we must realize that television itself is neither good or bad.It is the uses to which it is put that determines its value to society.
二、結尾句型
英語議論文多以簡要總結全文或對所討論的問題提出解決辦法來結尾。總結全文時除常用到in one ?a word,generally speaking等外,沒有固定模式。提出解決辦法時卻常使用下一句型。
V....take measures to do sth.例如:
1.We should take measures to control pollution in order to save the world.
2.We'd better take effective measures to prevent students from cheating on exams.
3.The government decided to take strong measures against drug abuse.
4.Urgent measures should be taken to prevent terrorists from carrying out further attacks.

常用句型二
一,開頭句型
1.As far as ...is concerned
2.It goes without saying that...
3.It can be said with certainty that...
4.As the proverb says
5.It has to be noticed that...
6.It`s generally recognized that...
7.It`s likely that
8.It`s hardly that...
It’s hardly too much to say that...
What calls for special attention is that...需要特別注意的是
There’s no denying the fact that...毫無疑問,無可否認
Nothing is more important than the fact that...
what’s far more important is that...

二,銜接句型
A case in point is ...
As is often the case...
As stated in the previous paragraph如前段所述
But the problem is not so simple. Therefore然而問題並非如此簡單,所以……
But it’s a pity that...
For all that...In spite of the fact that...
Further, we hold opinion that...
However , the difficult lies in...
Similarly, we should pay attention to...
not(that)...but(that)...不是,而是
In view of the present station.鑒於目前形勢
As has been mentioned above...
In this respect, we many as well (say)從這個角度上我們可以說
However, we have to look at the other side of the coin, that is...然而我們還得看到事物的另一方面,即

三,結尾句型

I will conclude by saying...
Therefore, we have the reason to believe that...
All things considered,總而言之
It may be safely said that...
Therefore, in my opinion, it’s more advisable...
It can be concluded from the discussion that...從中我們可以得出這樣的結論
From my point of view, it would be better if...在我看來……也許更好

四,能句型
Let’s take...to illustrate this.試舉例以茲証明
let’s take the above chart as an example to illustrate this.
It’s remains to be further studied...
There’s question is how...
so that, so...that...

正式的英文寫作.切忌不要使用“I”“You”“We”等等主觀的稱謂!
The most common mistakes:
1. Use of questions.
If you use a question it means you are questioning and not proving your point.
Questions are best to be left out of essays because they are very passive and sometimes make holes in your essay. When you confront a question, turn it into a statement:
Example:"What do you think that person should do?"
Change to:
"The person should do the following things to solve his/her problem."
2. Use of "and so on" &"etc."
You can't put these in a formal essay. You must either identify what the "so on" and "etc" are or else just name three examples. The reader knows that you cannot possibly list every example or situation, but if you use "so on" and "etc" you are using non-formal language.
Example: There are many types of religions in society: Judaism, Buddhism, Christianity and so on.
Change to:
There are many types of religions in society such as Judaism, buddhism, Christianity, Jehovah Witnesses and Hinduism.
3. Using "I"
When writing a formal essay, you cannot use "I think" "I feel"(and other "I" type statements. Instead, use words like "one" and phrases like "the reader" or "the audience." The reason we do this is, first, the reader knows you wrote it and also that it is your opinion; therefore, "I" is not needed. It is not formal language to say I think, plus it is not needed.
Examples:"I think t hat cats are better than dogs."
Change to:
Cats are better than dogs.
Take out all the I thinks, in my opinion, I will show, I will prove and any other personal phrases. Instead, make them into more general statements.
4. Use of "You" "Your" "We" "Us" "Our"
Please do not use these words in a formal essay. Not only are they not formal language, but readers may be insulted if the author of the paper insinuates that "You"/"We" do something. It brings too personal of an approach to the writing and can make the reader uncomfortable.
Examples:
I think/ In my opinion
Change to: more general statements
I think War is a pointless activity.
War is a pointless activity.
You/Your
Change to:A person/ people/ His/ Her/ One/ One's
You think that reading is boring.
One may think that reading is boring.
Our/ We/ Us
change to: His/ Her/ People
We all have to work together for a better society.
people need to work together in order to create a better society.



高考英語作文常用詞語和句型
一.開頭用語:
良好的開端等於成功的一半.在寫作文時,通常以最簡單也最常用的方式---開門見山法。也就是說, 直截了當地提出你對這個問題的看法或要求,點出文章的中心思想。
1.議論論文:
A. Just as every coin has two sides, cars have both advantages and disadvantages.
B. Compared to/ In comparison with letters, e-mails are more convenient.
C. When it comes to computers, some people think they have brought us a lot of convenience. However,...
D. Opinions are divided on the advantages and disadvantages of living in the city and in the countryside.
E. As is known to all/ As we all know, computers have played an important role/part in our daily life.
F. Why do you go to university? Different people have different points of view.
2. 書信:
A. I am writing to you to apply for admission to your university as a visiting scholar.
B. I read an advertisement in today’s China Daily and I apply for the job...
C. Thank you for your letter of May 5.
D. How happy I am to receive your letter of January 9.
E. How nice to hear from you again.
3. 口頭通知或介紹情況:
A. Ladies and gentlemen, May I have your attention, please. I have an announcement to make.
B. Attention, please. I have something important to tell you.
C. Mr. Green, Welcome to our school. To begin with, let me introduce Mr. Wang to you.
4. 演講稿:
A. Ladies and gentlemen, I feel very much honored to have a chance here to make a speech on the subject -- A Balance Diet and Health.
B. Good morning everyone! Allow me, first of all, on behalf of all present here, to extend our warm welcome and cordial greeting to our distinguished guest.
二.並列用語:as well as, not only…but (also), including,
A. Not only do computers play an important part in science and technology, but also play an informative role in our daily life.
B. All of us, including the teachers / the teachers included, will attend the lecture.
C. He speaks French as well as English.=He speaks English, and French as well.=He speaks not only English but also French.
D. E-mail, as well as telephones, is playing an important part in daily communication.
三.對比用語:on one hand ,on the other hand, on the contrary/contrary to ..., though, for one thing ;for another, nevertheless
A. I know the Internet can only be used at home or in the office, but on the other hand, it is becoming more and more popular for much information as well as clear and vivid pictures.
B. It is hard work; I enjoy it though.
C. Contrary to what I had originally thought, the trip turned out to be fun.
四. 遞進用語:even, besides, what’s more, as for, so…that…, worse still, moreover, furthermore; but for, in addition, to make matters worse
A. The house is too small for a family of four, and furthermore/besides/what’s more/moreover /in addition/worse still , it is in a bad location.
五. 例証用語:in one’s opinion, that is to say, for example, for instance, as a matter of fact, in fact, namely
A. As a matter of fact, advertisement plays an informative role in our daily life.
B. There is one more topic to discuss, namely/that is ( to say ), the question of education.
六. 時序用語:first/firstly, meanwhile, before long, ever since, while, at the same time
in the meantime, shortly after, nowadays,
A. They will be here soon. Meanwhile, let’s have coffee.
B. Firstly, let me deal with the most important difficulty.
七. 強調用語:especially, indeed, at least, at the most, What in the world/on earth.. , not at all ,
A. Noise is unpleasant, especially when you are trying to sleep.
B What in the world/on earth are you doing?
八. 因果用語:thanks to, because, as a result, because of/as a result of , without, with the help of..., owe ...to...
A. The company has a successful year, thanks mainly to the improvement in export sales.
B. As a result, many of us succeeded in passing the College Entrance Examinations.
九. 總結用語:in short; briefly/ in brief ; generally speaking, in a word, as you know, as is known to all
A. Generally speaking, sending an e-mail is more convenient than sending letters.
B. In short, measures must be taken to prevent the environment being polluted.


常用句型
(一)段首句
1. 關於……人們有不同的觀點。一些人認為……
There are different opinions among people as to……Some people suggest that
……
2. 俗話說(常言道)……,它是我們前輩的經歷,但是,即使在今天,它在許多場合仍然適用。
There is an old saying……It's the experience of our forefathers,however,it
is correct in many cases even today.
3. 現在,……,它們給我們的日常生活帶來了許多危害。首先,……﹔其次,……。更為糟糕的是……。
Today, …… which have brought a lot of harms in our daily life. First, ……
Second,……What makes things worse is that…….
4. 現在,……很普遍,許多人喜歡……,因為……,另外(而且)……。
Nowadays,it is common to ……. Many people like …… because ……
Besides,……
5. 任何事物都是有兩面性,……也不例外。它既有有利的一面,也有不利的一面。
Everything has two sides and …… is not an exception,it has both advantages
and disadvantages.
6. 關於……人們的觀點各不相同,一些人認為(說)……,在他們看來,……
People’s opinions about …… vary from person to person. Some people say
that ……To them,……
7. 人類正面臨著一個嚴重的問題……,這個問題變得越來越嚴重。
Man is now facing a big problem …… which is becoming more and more serious.
8. ……已成為人的關注的熱門話題,特別是在年青人當中,將引發激烈的辯論。
……has become a hot topic among people,especially among the young and heated
debates are right on their way.
9. ……在我們的日常生活中起著越來越重要的作用,它給我們帶來了許多好處,但同時也引發一些嚴重的問題。
……has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life.it
has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as
well.
10. 根據圖表/數字/統計數字/表格中的百分比/圖表/條形圖/成形圖可以看出……。很顯然……,但是為什麼呢?
According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar graph/line/graph,it
can be seen that……while. Obviously,……but why?
(二)中間段落句
1. 相反,有一些人贊成……,他們相信……,而且,他們認為……。
On the contrary,there are some people in favor of……t the same time,they
say……
2. 但是,我認為這不是解決……的好方法,比如……。最糟糕的是……。
But I don't think it is a very good way to solve …….For example,……Worst
of all,…….
3. ……對我們國家的發展和建設是必不可少的,(也是)非常重要的。首先,……。而且……,最重要的是……
……is necessary and important to our country's development and construction. First,……What's
more, ……Most important of all,……
4. 有幾個可供我們採納的方法。首先,我們可以……。
There are several measures for us to adopt. First, we can……
5. 面臨……,我們應該採取一系列行之有效的方法來……。一方面……,另一方面,
Confronted with……we should take a series of effective measures to…….
For one thing,For another,
6. 早就應該拿出行動了。比如說……,另外……。所有這些方法肯定會……。
It is high time that something was done about it. For example. ……In addition.……All
these measures will certainly…….
7. 為什麼……?第一個原因是……﹔第二個原因是……﹔第三個原因是……。總的來說,……的主要原因是由於……   
Why…… The first reason is that ……The second reason is ……The
third is…….For all this, the main cause of ……use to …….
8. 然而,正如任何事物都有好壞兩個方面一樣,……也有它的不利的一面,象……。
However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides, ……also has
its own disadvantages, such as ……
9. 盡管如此,我相信……更有利。
Nonetheless, I believe that ……is more advantageous.
10. 完全同意……這種觀點(陳述),主要理由如下:
I fully agree with the statement that ……because…….
(三)結尾句
1. 至於我,在某種程度上我同意后面的觀點,我認為……
As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some extent. I
think that ……
2. 總而言之,整個社會應該密切關注……這個問題。隻有這樣,我們才能在將來……。
In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem of ……Only in this way can ……in the future.
3. 但是,……和……都有它們各自的優勢(好處)。例如,……,而……。然而,把這兩者相比較,我更傾向於(喜歡)……
But ……and……have heir own advantages. For example, …… while……
Comparing this with that, however, I prefer to……
4. 就我個人而言,我相信……,因此,我堅信美好的未來正等著我們。因為……
Personally, I believe that…… Consequently, I’m confident that a bright
future is awaiting us because……
5. 隨著社會的發展,……。因此,迫切需要……。如果每個人都願為社會貢獻自己的一份力量,這個社會將要變得越來越好。
With the development of society, ……So it's urgent and necessary to ……If every member is willing to contribute himself to the society, it will be better
and better.
6. 至於我(對我來說,就我而言),我認為……更合理。隻有這樣,我們才能……
For my part, I think it reasonable to…… Only in this way can you……
7. 對我來說,我認為有必要……。原因如下:第一,……﹔ 第二,……﹔最后……但同樣重要的是……
In my opinion, I think it necessary to……The reasons are as follows. First
……second …… Last but not least,……
8. 在總體上很難說……是好還是壞,因為它在很大程度上取決於……的形勢。然而,就我個人而言,我發現……。
It is difficult to say whether ……is good or not in general as it depends
very much on the situation of…….however, from a personal point of view
find……
9. 綜上所述,我們可以清楚地得出結論……
From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the conclusion
that……
10. 如果我們不採取有效的方法,就可能控制不了這種趨勢,就會出現一些意想不到的不良后果,所以,我們應該做的是……
If we can not take useful means, we may not control this trend, and some undesirable
result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do is……(轉貼自北文網)

 

來源:人民網-教育論壇 (責任編輯:石希)


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